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IFX Gertrude
post Aug 4, 2022, 09:55 AM
Post #3361
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post Aug 4, 2022, 09:55 AM
Post #3361
Pound signed the death warrant. And the policy of the Bank of England has nothing to do with it.

The main topic of the day is the increase in interest rates in the UK. If the Bank of England goes on the biggest rise since 1995, the pound will skyrocket. However, its euphoria will be short-lived. Why?

BoE is not omnipotent

Today, the British central bank once again intends to raise interest rates. This will be the sixth increase since December last year.

Recall that at each of its previous meetings on monetary policy, the BoE made a minimum step of 25 bps.

The market is now expecting more hawkish action from the BoE as UK inflation continues to break records. In June, it accelerated to a 40-year high of 9.4%, and so far there is no sign of a peak.

The situation is also aggravated by gloomy forecasts for further price hikes. Many economists are predicting inflation to rise to double digits this year.

In June, the BoE said it would act more decisively if inflationary pressures in the country become more sustainable.

According to analysts, now the BoE has no choice but to fulfill its promise, especially since its colleagues are not dragging their feet.

Since the beginning of the year, the US Federal Reserve has already raised rates four times, and twice - by 75 bps at once.

The European Central Bank only started tightening last month, but its first step was to raise the rate by half a percentage point.

Compared to other central banks, the BoE's policy looks more dovish now. This weakens the pound, as a result of which the cost of living in the country continues to increase.

In order to prevent inflation from taking root in the British economy, the BoE is likely to be forced to go for the largest rate hike in 27 years.

According to many currency strategists, a rise of 50 bps to 1.75% could significantly strengthen the pound's position against the dollar.

GBP/USD is expected to rise above 1.2170 today after the BoE meeting. However, the pound's rise will be short-lived.

The BoE, which launched the tightening mechanism much earlier than other central banks, delayed the process too much, and this allowed the inflation monster to become very strong.

Now, to defeat the monster, a 50 bps increase won't be enough. Inflation will not start to disappear, as if by magic, and BoE can no longer afford a larger increase in the current situation, when the country's economy is on the verge of a recession.

Far from beautiful

The threat of a recession that hangs over the UK economy is the main argument that the BoE will not risk raising rates by 50 bps at today's meeting.

Some experts expect the BoE to continue to act cautiously, as it has been extremely pessimistic in its latest economic growth forecasts. Recall that the central bank does not expect the UK economy to recover until 2025.

If the central bank does indeed raise rates by just 25 bps this month, despite rising inflation, that would further weaken the pound in the near term.

As for the pound's dynamics in the long term, it does not depend at all on what pace of tightening British officials choose now, UBS is certain.

Swiss bank analysts believe that the future of the pound is already predetermined, and it is not at all rosy. According to their forecasts, this year the GBP will fall to historical lows amid an exacerbation of the gas crisis.

According to UBS, Russia will continue to use energy exports as the main means of pressure on the West. The reduction in the supply of Russian blue fuel will cause huge and irreparable damage to the economies of Europe and the UK.

Electricity bills on the peninsula are expected to rise even more by mid-autumn, leading to another surge in inflation in the country and exacerbating the cost-of-living crisis.

In addition, the pound's growth will be limited by the uncertain political environment in the UK.Recall that Prime Minister Boris Johnson resigned in early July, and now the Conservative Party faces a long search for a successor.

Considering all the negative background that will put strong pressure on the British currency in the next few months, UBS sharply lowered its forecast for the GBP/USD pair.

Analysts expect the pound to fall against the dollar to 1.15 in the fourth quarter. The pound was trading at about this level two years ago when the COVID-19 pandemic shook global markets.

The Swiss bank's forecast is rather surprising, as most other experts believe that the currency will stay at 1.22 until the end of the year as the BoE raises interest rates sharply.

UBS also believes that even the biggest increase in almost three decades this month will not give the pound a solid boost and, moreover, will not serve as a long-term driver for it.

Analysts predict that the pound will be able to recover against the dollar only next year. So, the GBP/USD pair will still be trading at the level of 1.18 in the first quarter, and by June it will be able to rise to the level of 1.20.

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IFX Gertrude
post Aug 5, 2022, 06:35 AM
Post #3362
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post Aug 5, 2022, 06:35 AM
Post #3362
American stock indices rise during trading

The number of Americans who first applied for unemployment benefits increased by 6 thousand last week and reached 260 thousand people, according to a report from the US Department of Labor. Analysts, on average, also expected a rise to 260k from the previous week's previously announced level.

For clear guidance, investors should also wait for US nonfarm payrolls (NFP) data for July, expected to reach 250K, up from 372K earlier. It is also important to monitor the global reaction to China's strong military exercises near Taiwan.

The US trade deficit fell by 6.2% in June to $79.6 billion, according to the country's Department of Commerce. According to the revised data, in May, the negative trade balance amounted to $84.9 billion, and not $85.5 billion, as previously reported. Experts on average expected a decline to $80.1 billion.

The value of the Dow Jones Industrial Average by 16:47 GMT+3 rose by 0.03% - up to 32821.17 points.

Standard & Poor's 500 added 0.1% to 4159.39 points.

The Nasdaq Composite increased 0.4% to 12,719.37 points.

U.S. health insurance and services company Cigna Corp. posted a 6% increase in net income in the second quarter and improved its guidance for the full year of 2022. Its shares are up 3.7%.

eBay Inc. stocks cheaper by 4.9%. The world's largest online auction recorded a net loss in the second quarter of 2022 and reduced revenue. However, the latter figure, along with adjusted earnings, beat market expectations.

Papers of Booking Holdings Inc. drop by 4%, although the company that owns various travel planning services returned to profitable levels in the second quarter of 2022 as the market recovered from the coronavirus pandemic.

American oil company ConocoPhillips increased its net profit by 2.5 times in the second quarter due to rising oil prices and increased production and announced its intention to increase payments to shareholders by $5 billion, that is, up to $15 billion. Meanwhile, its shares are depreciating by 1.1%.

Share price of WeWork Inc. decreases by 4.8%. The American co-working service reduced its net loss in the second quarter of 2022 and increased revenue by more than a third, but the figures fell short of analysts' expectations.

Papa John's International is down 1.7%, although the pizza chain owner returned to profitability in the second quarter of fiscal 2022 with a modest increase in revenue and an increase in annual dividends.

Shares of Shake Shack Inc. fall by 13.8%. The American fast food chain again suffered a loss in the second quarter of the current fiscal year, and the company's revenue increased weaker than expected.

Walmart Inc. shares are down 0.3%. The nation's largest retailer is laying off hundreds of corporate management employees as part of a plan to restructure operations.

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IFX Gertrude
post Aug 8, 2022, 09:26 AM
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post Aug 8, 2022, 09:26 AM
Post #3363
EUR/USD: dollar maintains momentum, euro difficult to recover



The US currency started the week quite cheerfully, trying to maintain the positive momentum received after the release of the Nonfarm Payrolls data. At the same time, the euro cannot boast of similar dynamics, demonstrating pendulum dynamics.

The euro is once again teetering on the brink of falling, while trying to settle in the positions it has won. However, these actions are not always successful as the USD continues to dominate the market. At the same time, according to reports on the dollar index (USDX), investors are showing bearish sentiment against the US currency. Over the past two weeks, market participants have reduced their positions on USD growth after a long build-up. A continuation of the current trend can lead to a short-term drawdown of the greenback.

Currently, the greenback is trying to gain a foothold in the upward trend, and not without success. Its rise was catalyzed by impressive US employment data. Against this backdrop, markets expect more decisive action from the Federal Reserve in terms of tightening monetary policy. Recall that, according to reports, 528,000 jobs appeared last month in the US economy, and the unemployment rate fell to 3.5%.

According to economists, positive data on US employment revived the hopes of traders and investors about a significant increase in the key rate (by 75 bps) at the Fed's September meeting. Note that strong data on employment growth in America came as a surprise to the markets. Most experts expected opposite results, referring to recent studies on the onset of a recession in the US economy and to a slowdown in economic growth in the country.

For the time being, however, fortune favors the greenback. After the release of Nonfarm Payrolls, the dollar confidently overtook the euro. The EUR/USD was trading near 1.0186 on Monday morning, August 8, trying to return to last week's highs near 1.0200.



Note that after the release of the US employment report, the EUR/USD pair plunged sharply to the critical 1.0170, but later managed to recover. Against this background, some experts are optimistic about the immediate prospects for the euro. According to preliminary calculations, in the coming months, the euro may be in an upward trend, despite the threat of a recession in the European economy. The reason is the increased risk appetite in global markets. Against this background, experts believe that the fair rate of the EUR/USD pair is close to 1.1400. Analysts' conclusions are based on the difference in rates in the US and Germany. At the same time, experts do not exclude another fall of the euro to parity with the dollar.

This week, investors are focusing on US inflation data. The release of the July consumer price index is scheduled (the preliminary forecast provides for an increase of 0.2% in monthly terms) on Wednesday, August 10. The markets will get acquainted with the US producer price index on Thursday, August 11. This indicator is crucial for the further dynamics of the interest rate. Recall that the positive report on employment in the US opened the way for the Fed to aggressively tighten monetary policy.

According to experts, having received confirmation of the strengthening of the US economy, investors will return to long positions on the dollar. This will give an additional impetus to the latter and set up traders for an extreme tightening of monetary policy by the Fed.

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IFX Gertrude
post Aug 9, 2022, 06:55 AM
Post #3364
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post Aug 9, 2022, 06:55 AM
Post #3364
US stock market closed mixed, Dow Jones up 0.09%



At the close of the New York Stock Exchange, the Dow Jones rose 0.09%, the S&P 500 fell 0.12%, and the NASDAQ Composite fell 0.10%.

The leading performer among the components of the Dow Jones index today was Walt Disney Company, which gained 2.48 points or 2.33% to close at 109.11. Quotes Dow Inc rose by 0.66 points (1.28%), ending trading at 52.15. Walgreens Boots Alliance Inc rose 0.49 points or 1.26% to close at 39.48.

The biggest losers were JPMorgan Chase & Co, which shed 1.41 points or 1.22% to end the session at 114.35. Visa Inc Class A was up 2.55 points (1.18%) to close at 213.32, while McDonald's Corporation was down 2.43 points (0.94%) to close at 256. .80.

Leading gainers among the S&P 500 index components in today's trading were Penn National Gaming Inc, which rose 5.56% to hit 36.05, Gap Inc, which gained 5.44% to close at 10.27, and also shares of General Motors Company, which rose 4.16% to close the session at 37.56.

The biggest losers were Tyson Foods Inc, which shed 8.40% to close at 80.10. Shares of NVIDIA Corporation lost 6.30% and ended the session at 177.93. Enphase Energy Inc lost 4.38% to 287.74.

Leading gainers among the components of the NASDAQ Composite in today's trading were Helbiz Inc, which rose 114.64% to 1.61, TOP Financial Group Ltd, which gained 102.66% to close at 20.57, and also shares of Karuna Therapeutics Inc, which rose 71.84% to end the session at 241.19.

Shares of Reata Pharmaceuticals Inc became the leaders of the decline, which decreased in price by 32.61%, closing at 24.06. Shares of Uniqure NV lost 27.02% to end the session at 18.64. Quotes of Nuzee Inc decreased in price by 24.32% to 0.84.

On the New York Stock Exchange, the number of securities that rose in price (2119) exceeded the number of those that closed in the red (1018), while quotes of 123 shares remained virtually unchanged. On the NASDAQ stock exchange, 2399 companies rose in price, 1436 fell, and 229 remained at the level of the previous close.

The CBOE Volatility Index, which is based on S&P 500 options trading, rose 0.66% to 21.29.

Gold futures for December delivery added 0.79%, or 14.15, to $1.00 a troy ounce. In other commodities, WTI September futures rose 1.51%, or 1.34, to $90.35 a barrel. Brent oil futures for October delivery rose 1.37%, or 1.30, to $96.22 a barrel.

Meanwhile, in the Forex market, the EUR/USD pair remained unchanged at 0.13% to 1.02, while USD/JPY advanced 0.05% to hit 135.04.
Futures on the USD index fell 0.20% to 106.28.

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IFX Gertrude
post Yesterday, 11:03 AM
Post #3365
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post Yesterday, 11:03 AM
Post #3365
Tailwind: the pound seeks to sail away from the political and economic turmoil



The British currency remains relatively calm this week, expecting, along with the US, a report on the consumer price index in America. An additional factor of pressure for the pound was the thunderclouds on the political horizon of the UK, due to the election of the prime minister.

Markets are focused on the election race in the UK, the favorite of which is Liz Truss, the foreign secretary. She claims the place of Boris Johnson, who was forced by the Conservative Party to resign as prime minister and its leader. The important points of the election program of Truss were the rejection of family benefits and tax cuts for citizens. In addition, the Minister of Foreign Affairs proposed to limit the influence of the Bank of England on the country's economy.

Many analysts assess the current political situation in the UK as a crisis, which is exacerbated by economic turmoil. Recall that last week, the BoE raised interest rates by 50%, but this had little effect on inflation in the country. It should be noted that the central bank began the fight against inflation in December 2021 and since then has systematically raised rates at each of the subsequent six meetings. As a result, by the beginning of the summer, inflation in the UK amounted to 9.4%. According to the BoE's forecasts, it will peak in October, soaring to 13.3%. Against this background, by the end of 2022, the UK economy will enter a recession that will last five quarters.

However, many experts disagree with this view. Currency strategists at Oxford Economics assess the risks of a recession as small, despite the current instability. According to economists, in 2023 the key rate cut by the BoE is more likely. At the same time, the central bank's actions aimed at reducing rates are slowing down economic activity in the UK. Against this backdrop, the GBP is under tremendous pressure, risking to collapse, currency strategists at Societe Generale believe.

At the end of July, the British currency showed growth, waiting for the Federal Reserve to abandon the overly aggressive tightening of the monetary policy. However, this did not happen. On the contrary, the US central bank is quite resolute, and it is supported by the hawkish mood of US officials. Against this background, the pound's recovery was interrupted, releasing the latter into free swimming on the waves of the financial market. The pound has slipped 10% against the dollar since the beginning of this year, placing it in the top three worst currencies among the G-10. The reason is the low pace of rate hikes by the BoE compared to the Fed's anticipatory actions.

According to analysts at Societe Generale, in the near future, the pound will fall to its lowest level since the collapse at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. Additional pressure on the pound is created by the BoE's recent announcement about a possible recession and growing expectations of another rise in interest rates in the US (by 75 bps). In such a situation, the pound may sink to 1.2000 and below. If the bearish trend for the pound continues, the GBP/USD pair will fall to 1.1400-1.2000, according to Societe Generale.

The pair was close to 1.2100 on Tuesday, August 9 and even peaked at 1.2130, but failed to consolidate on these positions. The GBP/USD pair was trading in the range of 1.2069-1.2070 on Wednesday morning, August 10. At the same time, the greenback showed mixed dynamics, as market participants expect July reports on the US consumer price index.



According to updated forecasts for the British currency, in the short term it will maintain support against the US. However, the high likelihood of interest rate cuts by the BoE in 2023 is putting downward pressure on the pound. At the same time, according to analysts at Oxford Economics, in the near future the central bank will raise interest rates amid galloping inflation, thereby contributing to the pound's growth. However, in the long term, the BoE may revise the current monetary strategy, according to Oxford Economics.

UK GDP data for the second quarter of 2022 will be released this Friday, August 12. According to preliminary estimates, this indicator is expected to slow down to 2.8% in annual terms. Against this background, pessimism dominates the markets. In addition, on a quarterly basis, GDP is projected at -0.2%. Earlier, an increase of 0.8% was recorded in the first quarter of 2022. If the current GDP turns out to be weaker than expected, then the pound's decline is inevitable.

The pound may be supported by the dollar's retreat across the entire spectrum of the market. In such a situation, the pound is able to stay afloat. According to preliminary forecasts, in the third quarter of 2022, the GBP/USD pair will remain close to 1.2000 and may reach 1.2200, and by the first quarter of 2023 it will rise to 1.2300.

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